What are the correct methods for Fertilization?

By learning how to fertilize correctly, you can support the healthy growth of your plants. Reading the fertilizer labels correctly will give you an advantage.

Understand the percentages of the main active ingredients in the package: NPK (Nitrogen-Phosphorus-Potassium) is the 3 most abundant components on each fertilizer label. And you will see these components as three numbers on the label. For example; 30-10-10 / 10-5-5 / 21-0-0. So what do the numbers mean and what formula do you need? The first example, 30-10-10, means that if you have a 100-pound fertilizer package, that package will contain 30 pounds of available nitrogen, 10 pounds of available phosphorus, and 10 pounds of available potassium (potash). Remaining 50 pounds of inert or inactive substances

Know what each substance is used for:

Nitrogen (N) has a direct effect on root development, plant height, stem thickness, number and size of leaves, number of branches, thickness, and length, and shoot and fruit/grain development.

Phosphorus (P) accelerates the root development of the plant and creates a strong root system. It promotes simultaneous flowering and increases grain and fruit set. It provides the formation of large and full fruits. It increases the resistance of plants against drought and diseases. It provides early harvest by accelerating generative development. Phosphorus deficiency in plants, slow, undersized and stunted growth is observed. Leaf growth is reduced and shed early.

Potassium (K) has a direct effect on the durability and product quality of green parts in plants. In addition, it increases the water use efficiency of the plant and prolongs the time to withstand water stress in dry conditions. In order to grow plants resistant to adverse climatic conditions, disease factors, and pests, potassium needs should be met during the periods when the plants need them. Potassium is an essential nutrient for grains and fruits to have sufficient size, fullness, hardness, and color.

For example, 21-0-0 is the fastest and cheapest way to go to turn a lawn into green and make it grow. However, if you want the roots to grow well to promote a more drought-resistant, healthy lawn, then a general-purpose lawn fertilizer such as 10-6-4 would be a much better way to get a really healthy lawn.

Keep in mind that plants have different needs, search for sources of fertilization for each plant. NPK percentages will help you make decisions when purchasing fertilizer.

Keep in mind; Nitrogen = Green / Growth, Phosphorus and Potassium = Required for Fruit / Flower / Roots.


At 29 years old, my favorite compliment is being told that I look like my mom. Seeing myself in her image, like this daughter up top, makes me so proud of how far I’ve come, and so thankful for where I come from.